From September 16 to 18, Xi Jinping, General Secretary of the CPC Central Committee, State President, and Chairman of the Central Military Commission inspected Henan. This is the morning of the 17th. Xi Jinping came to Simaguang Camellia Tea Plantation, Huaidian Township, Guangshan County, Xinyang City, and inspected the cultivation and fruiting of Camellia oleifera. Photo by Xinhua News Agency reporter Xie Huanchi
"We should pursue harmony between man and nature. The mountains and forests are full, the plains are blue and green, and the urban and rural birds are fragrant."
On the night of Beijing on April 28, the stars flickered. At the foot of the Great Wall, General Secretary Xi Jinping issued a green initiative to the world at the opening ceremony of the 2019 Beijing World Horticultural Exposition to portray a beautiful home.
This is the general secretary's deep affection for the natural landscape. Whether it is "green mountains and green mountains are golden mountains and silver mountains", or "landscapes, forests, fields, lakes and grasses are communities of life"; The fundamental problem of "... General Secretary Xi Jinping has always attached great importance to and cared about the development of the forest and grass cause.
In the coming 2019, from the forests in the northeast to the grasslands in the northwest, from the Tianbao project to the national park, from the World Garden Fair to the Camellia oleifera garden ... General Secretary Xi Jinping has made in-depth investigations on forest and grass developments and made ecological construction of forests and grasses. A series of important instructions to point out the direction and lead the future for the development of forest and grass.
Top-level design perfects forest and grass management system
The Fourth Plenary Session of the Nineteenth Central Committee of the Communist Party of China proposed that we adhere to and improve the ecological civilization system and promote the harmonious coexistence of man and nature. The construction of an ecological civilization system has always been a concern of the Party Central Committee. In 2019, under the guidance of General Secretary Xi Jinping, breakthroughs were made in the construction of the forest and grass system and governance system, laying the foundation for the high-quality development of the forest and grass business.
On January 23, Xi Jinping hosted the sixth meeting of the Central Committee of Comprehensive and Deepening Reform and reviewed and approved three documents related to the construction of the forest and grass system.
"Guiding Opinions on Establishing Nature Reserves with National Parks as the Main Body" —— This is the first document issued in the name of the Party Central Committee and the State Council in the history of the development of nature reserves in China, and it is a major construction of a nature reserve system with Chinese characteristics. The top-level design and programmatic documents are the fundamental guidelines for establishing a nature reserve system with national parks as the main body.
China has established 11,800 types of various types and various types of nature reserves at various levels and functions, which have played an important role in protecting biodiversity, preserving natural heritage, improving the quality of the ecological environment, and maintaining national ecological security.
"Natural Forest Protection and Restoration System Program"-This is an important document to implement the General Secretary's "Strive to Protect All Natural Forests" directive. The system has established the natural forest protection and restoration as a long-term work to guide natural forests. After 20 years of implementation, the protection project has embarked on a new journey.
Natural forests are the essence of forest resources. Since the implementation of the natural forest protection project, China ’s 1.944 billion acres of natural arbor forest have been recuperated. Natural forest resources have achieved “double growth” in forest area and volume, building the most important ecological barrier to maintain China ’s homeland security, ecological security, and species security.
"Hainan Tropical Rain Forest National Park System Pilot Program"-This is the fifth national park system pilot program approved by the central government, and it is an important content to improve the top-level design of the national park system pilot.
Since the establishment of the national park system in 2015, it has received close attention at home and abroad, and the General Secretary has also been concerned.
On August 19, the first National Park Forum was held in Xining, Qinghai Province, and General Secretary Xi Jinping sent a congratulatory letter to the forum. He said that China's national park system is designed to maintain the authenticity and integrity of natural ecosystems, protect biodiversity, protect ecological security barriers, and leave precious natural assets to future generations.
Immediately the next day, on August 20, General Secretary Xi Jinping visited the Shandan Racecourse in the middle of the Hexi Corridor to investigate.
The Shandan Racecourse is located in the Damaying Grassland on the northern foot of the Qilian Mountains, with a total area of 3.29 million mu. It is one of the most representative racecourses in the Qilian Mountains National Park. In August, the Shandan Racecourse was full of water and grass, and the horses galloped. The general secretary made a request here and left expectations: "To properly handle the relationship between production and life and the ecological environment, actively develop ecological and environmentally-friendly and sustainable industries, protect the valuable pasture resources, and make the green mountains and green mountains of the Qilian Mountains permanent and always benefit. People of all ethnic groups on the grassland. "
Qilian Mountain is an important ecological security barrier in western China, but the disorderly economic development activities have scarred it here. The local ecological destruction of the Qilian Mountains has received continuous attention from the General Secretary. He repeatedly gave important instructions and demanded resolute rectification. In March 2017, the pilot system of the Qilian Mountain National Park was officially launched. In the past two years, Qilian Mountain National Park withdrew 144 mining rights, and 208 households of 701 herdsmen have moved out of the core area. The mine geological environment has been restored and restored, and tourism projects have completed rectification and differentiation.
The ecological protection of the Qilian Mountains has been praised by the General Secretary: "In recent years, the ecological protection of the Qilian Mountains has changed from chaos to governance, with great results."
With the active promotion of the Party Central Committee, the pilot projects of 10 national park systems including the Northeast Tiger and Leopard, Qilian Mountains, Giant Pandas, Sanjiangyuan, and Hainan Tropical Rainforest have achieved initial results. In the second half of 2020, the National Forestry and Grass Bureau will organize a pilot acceptance of the national park system. Those that meet the standards and requirements will be reported to the central government for formal establishment of a national park. By 2025, China will initially build a natural reserve system with national parks as its main body.
Regional planning forest and grass to support national strategy
Not long ago, the Xiong'an New District in Hebei launched the 2019 fall afforestation project. In autumn, 138,000 acres will be planted, of which evergreen seedlings and flower-irrigated plants account for a higher proportion. Aquatic plants such as lotuses and reeds will be added, which will form a patchwork and layered "semi-park" show forest landscape.
On January 16, the General Secretary came to the "Millennium Show Forest" in Xiong'an New District during his investigation in Beijing, Tianjin and Hebei. In the forestation area of the first forest area of Daqinghe, the general secretary traveled through the forest to check the forest growth.
"The" Millennium Plan "begins with the" Millennium Show Forest ", and strives to continue to develop beautiful paintings of blue and green intertwined, and people and nature live in harmony." The general secretary left his longing expectation for this new green, which is also Lin The grass undertaking mission is to provide ecological security for major national strategies.
Looking further north, I came to Inner Mongolia with dense forests, vast grasslands and wide wetlands.
Inner Mongolia is the largest and most comprehensive ecological function area in northern China. On March 5, when Xi Jinping participated in the deliberations of the Inner Mongolian delegation at the Second Session of the Thirteenth National People's Congress, he emphasized once again that Inner Mongolia should be built into an important ecological security barrier in northern China. The General Secretary ’s instructions are high-rise, scientific and precise: "Protection of grasslands and forests is the primary task of the Inner Mongolia ecosystem. It is necessary to follow the internal mechanisms and laws of the ecosystem, adhere to the principle of natural recovery, and adapt to local conditions and classified policies to enhance pertinence and system. Long-lasting. "
Through large-scale implementation of ecological projects such as the Three North Shelterbelt, returning farmland to forests and grasses, protecting natural forests, returning grazing land to grasslands, and controlling the sources of wind and sand in Beijing and Tianjin, the mountains and rivers in Inner Mongolia have changed dramatically. At present, the forest coverage rate in the whole region has increased to 22.1%, the forest area and volume have continued to "double increase", desertification and desertification land have "double decreased" for 17 consecutive years, and the average coverage of natural grassland vegetation has stabilized at 44% for 3 consecutive years, and has been restored By the mid-1980s.
On July 25, the National Forestry and Grassland Administration held the first national grassland work conference in Xilinguole, Inner Mongolia. Zhang Jianlong, director of the National Forestry and Grassland Bureau, said that Inner Mongolia's grasslands are of diverse types, important ecological locations, and typical experience, and they have important demonstration significance for national ecological restoration and grassland protection.
The Yellow River is an important ecological corridor that runs through the east and the west in northern China. For thousands of years, the rushing Yellow River, along with the Yangtze River, has nurtured the Chinese nation and nurtured Chinese civilization.
The Yellow River is in the heart, and the ecological construction and protection of the Yellow River basin is in the heart. In 2019, the General Secretary will inspect the Yellow River twice.
August 22, in Gansu. Xi Jinping said that the governance of the Yellow River focuses on protection, but on governance. We must adhere to the comprehensive management, system management, and source management of landscapes, forests, fields, lakes, and grasslands. We must coordinate and advance all work, strengthen coordination and cooperation, focus on major protections, promote major governance, and promote high-quality development in the Yellow River Basin, so that the Yellow River can be a happiness for the people. River.
September 18, in Henan. Xi Jinping emphasized that ecological protection and high-quality development in the Yellow River Basin are major national strategies. We must adhere to the concept of "green water, green mountains and golden mountains and silver mountains", adhere to ecological priority, green development, and depend on water and measure water. Great protection and coordinated promotion of great governance.
To defend the Yellow River, forestry grasslands have been in action. Ecological projects such as the construction of the Three-North Shelterbelt System, the protection of natural forests, and conversion of farmland to forests and grasslands have been steadily advanced, and green ecological barriers have been established along the Yellow River.
Since the 18th National Congress of the Communist Party of China, land greening along the Yellow River has continued to advance, and a total of 270 million acres of afforestation have been completed in nine provinces and regions along the Yellow River in 2012-2018. Seven provinces and autonomous regions have implemented 847 million mu of grassland grazing ban and 1.8 billion mu of grass-animal balance area. 200 new national wetland parks (pilots) were newly built, 100 million mu of sandy land treatment tasks were completed, and more than 100,000 ecological forest rangers were recruited.
In the Yellow River Wetland Nature Reserve in Shaanxi, hundreds of thousands of acres of reed flowers sway in the wind, stretching over 40 kilometers of the Yellow River shore. Every year, nearly 400,000 migratory birds live here in winter. Qinghai Maduo is the first county in the upper reaches of the Yellow River, and it is also the core hinterland of the Yellow River Park in Sanjiangyuan National Park. The county has 3042 eco-management personnel to protect the source of the Yellow River. Henan continues to stabilize and expand the area of wetlands, and is building a large wetland park group along the Yellow River ... along the Yellow River, forests and water are interdependent, the sky is high, and the majestic and beautiful ecological picture of the Mother River is slowly unfolding.
Green development and natural love for people's livelihood
Green is the symbol of life, the background of nature, the foundation of a better life, and the expectations of the people.
On April 28, Xi Jinping said at the opening ceremony of the 2019 Beijing World Horticultural Exposition that we should pursue harmony between man and nature, pursue green development and prosperity, pursue a love for nature, pursue a spirit of scientific governance, and pursue a cooperative response. In the view of the General Secretary, green development that conforms to nature and protects the ecology shows the future, and being able to "look out at the stars, see the green mountains, and smell the flowers" is the common expectation of the people for a green home.
On July 15, General Secretary Xi Jinping visited Inner Mongolia and guided the development of the theme education of "do not forget the original heart and remember the mission", and came to Ma'anshan Forest Farm in Karaqin Banner, Chifeng City.
The Ma'anshan Forest Farm was established in 1962. Over the past five years, more than 5,000 acres of artificial afforestation have been completed. The current forest coverage rate is 98.8%. General Secretary Xi Jinping inspected the forest growth along the rugged forest trail. He said that China is the largest contributor to planted forests in the world. The continuous and continuous construction of planted forests on such a large scale can only be achieved under China's socialist system.
The General Secretary said that China's plantation forests are number one in the world, a green miracle that China has created while maintaining rapid economic growth under the background of the overall decline in global forest resources. At present, China's forest coverage rate is 22.96%, the forest area is 3.3 billion mu, and the forest volume is 17.56 billion cubic meters. It has maintained the "double growth" of forest area and forest volume for more than 30 years, and is the country with the fastest growth in forest resources in the world. In February 2019, the latest NASA research report stated that the earth is greener than 20 years ago, and a quarter of the new vegetation came from China.
Behind these green pride is China's continuous promotion of land greening.
On April 8, 2019, when General Secretary Xi Jinping participated in the voluntary tree planting activities in the capital, he emphasized the need to carry forward the Chinese nation ’s good tradition of love tree planting and tree protection, national mobilization, national hands, and the participation of the whole society to further promote large-scale land greening operations. Promote land greening to achieve tangible results.
"The green mountains and green mountains are the golden mountains and the silver mountains." The General Secretary's "Two Mountains" explained the value behind the green water mountains and the profound unification of the organic and unified relationship between the green water mountains and the development of people's livelihood.
On September 17, General Secretary Xi Jinping came to Simaguang Camellia Tea Garden in Guangshan County during an inspection in Henan. He said that planting Camellia oleifera is green and environmentally friendly, and one hundred acres of oil is a good way to promote economic development, increase farmers' income, and have a good ecology.
This is the second time that General Secretary Xi Jinping has paid attention to camellia in 2019. During the NPC and CPPCC sessions, the General Secretary said at the conclusion of the Henan delegation's participation in the second session of the Thirteenth National People's Congress, "The tea oil is a good thing. I promoted it in Fujian. We must vigorously develop the oil tea industry!"
The Party Central Committee with Comrade Xi Jinping as the core attaches great importance to the development of woody oilseeds, especially the camellia industry, and has repeatedly issued important instructions to guide the rapid development of the camellia industry in China for more than 10 years. By the end of 2018, the area of Camellia oleifera forests in the country was more than 65.5 million mu, with an annual output of 650,000 tons of oil and an annual output value of 86 billion yuan. Camellia oleifera has become a pioneer tree species for getting rid of poverty and getting rich in mountainous areas.
China's forest and grassland areas, ecologically fragile areas, and deep poverty areas are highly coupled. General Secretary Xi Jinping has repeatedly emphasized that in areas with poor ecological conditions but important ecosystems that need to be protected and restored, we can combine ecological protection and governance to explore a new way of ecological poverty alleviation. Over the years, the national forestry and grass system has thoroughly implemented the important exposition of General Secretary Jinping's work on poverty alleviation, exploring a win-win situation for ecological construction and poverty alleviation. Especially since 2016, the national forest and grass system has recruited 1 million poor people in the poverty-stricken areas as ecological forest rangers, driving more than 3 million poor people to increase their incomes and alleviate poverty. In 2019, 12.05 million acres were assigned to return farmland to forests and grasslands in poverty-stricken areas, and more than 80% of the projects in sheltered forest systems, integrated rock desertification management, and grazing land were returned to poor counties. A total of 21,000 specialized cooperatives for ecological poverty alleviation were newly established nationwide, which attracted 1.2 million poor people to participate in the construction of ecological protection projects.
At present, the era of poverty alleviation is entering a crucial moment of decisive battle, and the forestry and grass ecological poverty alleviation needs more sustained and precise efforts. Zhang Jianlong, director of the State Forestry and Grassland Bureau, said that the national forest and grass system will thoroughly implement the important directive spirit of General Secretary Xi Jinping on ecological poverty alleviation, continue to promote three measures of ecological compensation poverty alleviation, land greening, and ecological industry poverty alleviation, and fully release the “ecological dividend” And "green dividends", so that forest and grass benefit more poor people.
To build a beautiful ecological home for a long time
Every moment, in every corner of the motherland, a moving story of striving for a better home is being staged. Groups of beautiful Chinese builders go forward and succeed for a common goal, inheriting for generations.
At the eastern end of the Hexi Corridor, a row of sand willows, a row of flower sticks, together with a piece of sauso forest and neat grass squares, together prevented the southern invasion of the Tengger Desert. This is the Babusha Forest Farm in Gulang County, Wuwei City, Gansu Province.
In 1981, six elderly people in Tumen Town, Gulang County, over half a year old, set up a collective forest farm in a joint household contract to declare war on the sand. Over the past 38 years, the three generations of "six old men" have taken root in the desert, managed 217,000 mu of sand for afforestation, and managed and sealed 376,000 mu of sand and afforestation grass. On March 29, the Central Propaganda Department awarded Babusha the "Six Old Men" honorary title of "Model of the Times".
On August 21st, General Secretary Xi Jinping came to Babusha Forest Farm, Gulang County, Wuwei City, Gansu Province, and inspected the local sand control and afforestation and ecological protection. He picked up a ditch plow, opened a ditch, shoveled yellow sand, participated in sand control work, and paid tribute to the "six old men". He said that it is necessary to carry forward the spirit of struggle of the "six old men" and not dare to bow their heads and dare to turn the desert into an oasis, inspire people to devote themselves to the construction of ecological civilization, continue to work hard, and work hard for a long time to build a beautiful China.
Kubuqi Desert, the seventh largest desert in China. The desert closest to the capital Beijing has created a green miracle by the spirit of long-term contribution. For more than 30 years, Kubuqi ’s comprehensive management area has an area of 9.1 million mu, accounting for 1/3 of the Kubuqi desert area, creating more than 500 billion yuan of ecological wealth, benefiting farmers and herdsmen in 102,000 sandy areas, and was identified by the United Nations Environment Programme It is a global desert eco-economic demonstration area.
In 2017 and July 2019, General Secretary Xi Jinping sent congratulatory letters to the sixth and seventh Kubuqi International Desert Forum. In his congratulatory letter, he pointed out that China attaches great importance to the construction of ecological civilization and has achieved remarkable results in the prevention and control of desertification. The Kubuqi Desert Governance provides China's experience for the international community to manage the environment and ecology and implement the 2030 Agenda. Facing the future, China is willing to work with all parties to adhere to the path of green development, build the foundation of ecological civilization, work together to promote global environmental protection and protection, and make positive contributions to building a beautiful and clean world.
Desertification control is an important part of the construction of ecological civilization, and it has also shaped the spiritual monument of the Chinese people.
On September 29th, Beijing's Great Hall of the People, General Secretary Xi Jinping awarded Wang Youde the National Model of Honor Medal.
Wang Youde is the former party secretary of the Ningxia Lingwu Baipitan National Nature Reserve Administration. For more than 30 years, he has led his staff to build 600,000 mu of windbreak and sand-fixing forests, and controlled nearly one million mu of quicksand, effectively preventing the southward and westward expansion of the Maowusu Desert, and also making the yellow sands overwhelming and extremely poor ecological forests into rich species. , National ecological reserve with excellent ecology.
"At this moment, I'm too excited, too excited, this supreme honor belongs to every deserter!" Wang Youde wearing the medal said excitedly.
For decades, it is precisely because of the unremitting persistence of several generations of Chinese desertists such as the eight step sand “Six Old Men” and Wang Youde that the area of desertified land in China has expanded from an average of 10,400 square kilometers per year at the end of the 20th century to a current average annual reduction of 2424. The area of desertified land has been changed from an average annual expansion of 3,436 square kilometers at the end of the 20th century to a current average annual reduction of 1980 square kilometers. The zero growth target of land degradation to 2030 set by the United Nations has been achieved in advance, and it has contributed "Chinese wisdom" to global ecological governance. Provides "China Plan".
Chasing dreams in green water and green hills, in love with each leaf. In this year, the green footprints of General Secretary Xi Jinping, and the important instructions left behind, are remembered in the hearts of the forest and grass people, and engraved between the green mountains and green mountains.
This is an industry pride with a glorious mission, this is a warm forward force, and it is a responsible responsibility to work hard. We will keep in mind the general secretary Xi Jinping's entrustment, "We must have the spirit of striving for the day and night, and we must persist in perseverance." We will always be firm in the development concept of "green mountains and green mountains are golden mountains and silver mountains." , Promote the high-quality development of the forest and grass cause, and strive to create a beautiful China with green mountains, long green water and fresh air.
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