On ice and snow, Yuyu Qionghua, in the winter solstice, there are still more than 500 national first-class protected animals in the Qilihai Wetland Reserve. The Oriental White Stork is dancing and becoming a beautiful scenery in winter. This year, there were more than 500,000 migratory birds migrating and staying in the Qilihai Wetland, including 6 species of national-level protected animals, and the number of oriental white storks hit a record high.
The ecological environment is good, birds use their wings to vote. Since the beginning of this year, the city's green ecological environment protection has continued to increase, and the ecological environment is getting better and better: 875 square kilometers of wetland, full of greenery; 736 square kilometers of green ecological barriers, large water, large green, wild and natural; 153 kilometers of coastline , Greenness increases. The people enjoy the beautiful sunny sky and white clouds and blue sky. Green has become the most beautiful background for high-quality development in Tianjin.
Building a green ecological barrier to expand green environmental space
Right now, the cold is hitting people, but at the green ecological barrier construction site in Xinzhuang Town, Jinnan District, the greening of the winter plants is hot, and when you look around, a lot of newly planted white wax, Chinese locust, and cypress are standing up. Each magpie climbed the tall branches.
"We are seizing the precious time before freezing and do a good job in the construction of green ecological barriers this winter and next spring. This year, 1.1 million trees and 18,700 mu of green ecological barriers have been planted in Jinnan District." Liu Yonghua, deputy director of Jinan District Agriculture and Rural Committee, told reporters .
The 736-square-kilometer area between the central city and the Binhai New District is a land of gold, planning and control, and a green ecological barrier. It is a "representative work" that promotes green development and high-quality development in the new era of the city, forcing economic transformation and accelerating New and old kinetic energy conversion, leaving room for potential in the future.
Fan Shuhe, deputy leader of the Green Ecological Barrier Command, said that under the leadership of the municipal party committee and government, this year, the construction of green ecological barriers has been speeding up. In 2019, the Haihe Ecological Core Riverfront Greenway, Ancient Coastal Ecological Green Corridor (North Section), Ancient Coastal Ecological Green Corridor (South Section), Jinan Weinanwa Wetland Area, Binhai Guangang Ecological Forest, Jinan Green Core, Construction of eight key areas in the Jinzhonghe Wetland Area and Xiqing Ecological Green Corridor. This year, 15.548 million square meters of demolition and ecological restoration projects have been completed, and 35,800 mu of afforestation tasks have been completed. At present, the total area of forest trees in the first-level control zone of the green ecological barrier is 137,000 mu.
Tianjin's green ecological barrier construction adheres to world vision and international standards, and integrates green development and innovation drive, making it an "ecological barrier, Jingu Green Valley" between the two cities. At the same time, the two major wetlands in the north and south will be connected, Tongzhou in Beijing will be connected in the north, and Xiong'an New District in Hebei will be connected in the southwest. The construction of a green ecological barrier adheres to the combination of green production and lifestyle, and explores the establishment of a "forest + tourism" integrated industrial development model to protect the environment and benefit people's livelihood.
The construction of a green ecological barrier brings a strong impetus to high-quality development.
According to Ma Mingyang, deputy head of Jinnan District, 85.1% of the administrative areas in Jinnan District are in the green ecological barrier area, with a total area of about 330 square kilometers. It is becoming a forest city and has attracted a large number of large projects and good projects. At present, the National Convention and Exhibition Center (Tianjin) is under construction in full swing. After completion, it will enhance the level of Tianjin's convention and exhibition industry and enhance the competitiveness of the city. It will also stimulate the development of the service industry in Jinnan District.
Li Guanghua, deputy mayor of Dongli District, said that thanks to the construction of a green ecological barrier, Dongli District has attracted a large number of high-end green intelligent industries and high-end formats, and ecological value-added is being transformed into economic value-added. A few days ago, Suning Tesco Complex project has been signed and settled in Dongli Lake. It will build an urban complex integrating O2O smart shopping malls, high-end residential and boutique hotels, and provide upgraded quality consumption and category consumption for the residents of Toray and surrounding areas. , Experience consumption, etc.
People will benefit the most from building a green ecological barrier.
In the green ecological barrier starting area of southern Jinjiang, the beautiful scenery of the big green waters is surprising. Li Sheng, a citizen who is exercising, admired, "My family lives nearby, and it's a long way from here. I come here to run and exercise all year round. The green, fresh air is full of happiness."
"By 2035, the blue-green ratio of the green ecological barrier area will reach 70%, the forest coverage rate will reach 30%, and the beautiful city of Jinjin will have a stronger greenness." Fan Shuhe said.
Take care of "Beijing-Tianjin Green Lungs" and leave green ecological wealth for future generations
Early in the morning, Chen Jian, captain of the patrol squadron of the Beidagang Wetland Management Center, drove the patrol car to lead the team to patrol. The mighty reeds and the wide water surface were refreshing.
"Beidagang Wetland has been short of water in the past. Since October 2018, the municipal government has replenished 319 million cubic meters of water to the wetland. The wetland is full, the reeds are dense, and there are more migratory birds." Chen Jian said happily. Migratory birds that inhabit wetlands in winter provide sufficient food. Recently, we released 20,000 kg of fry and 2.5 tons of corn kernels. "
In the Qilihai Wetland Nature Reserve, person in charge Chen Li is leading staff to observe migratory birds foraging in the shallows. He said that the water level had been lowered, the shoal area had been expanded to 20,000 acres, and 1.4 million fish fry had been put in order to allow the birds to eat and eat in the wetlands.
The total area of the four major wetland nature reserves in our city is 875.35 square kilometers, and its ecological protection is particularly prominent. In the past, due to the weak awareness of ecological environment protection, the ecological functions of wetlands have declined, and it is urgent to repair and protect them. In 2017, the municipal party committee and government researched and formulated the “Tianjin Wetland Nature Reserve Plan” and the planning of the Qilihai, Beidagang, Dahuangbao, and Tuanbo Wetland Nature Reserves. The fight against wetland restoration and protection has begun in an all-round way, and the ecological water supply of wetlands, The effects of prominently shutting down surrounding polluting enterprises, returning fishing to wet, and returning farmland to wet are obvious.
Lu Hong, deputy director of the Municipal Planning and Natural Resources Bureau, said that since the beginning of this year, the city has made solid progress in implementing the "1 + 4" plan for wetland nature reserves, and increased ecological restoration and protection. The Qilihai Wetland has demolished the fish pond embankment and communicated with the water system, built a bird island covering an area of more than 1,000 acres, built a fence of 49 kilometers around the core in the core area, 4,000 acres of reed cultivation, reed replanting, and 4,000 acres of aquatic plants The planting task has been completed. A 55-kilometer fence in the core area of the Dahuangbao Wetland has cleared fish ponds and improved the habitat of wild animals. It completely eliminated the two "toxic tumors" of the Beijing-Tianjin Pesticide Factory and Yingli Company. We restored 600 acres of wetland in Beidagang Wetland. Tuanbo Wetland actively carried out restoration work on the degraded wetland in the northern part of the Xidi, and the ecological environment was significantly improved.
According to Lu Hong, currently, 105,700 mu of land has been transferred in the Great Yellow Fort Wetland; Qilihai Wetland has completed the transfer of 32,900 mu of land in the buffer zone this year; in addition, ecological resettlement of wetlands has accelerated. In 2019, the city's water supply to the four major wetlands increased to 414 million cubic meters.
Take multiple measures and work hard to bring the four major wetlands to life.
The water quality of the Qilihai Wetland has changed from Class V to Near Class IV, with more than 153 species of wild plants and 182 species of birds increased; Beidagang Wetland has been listed as an important national wetland and is being declared an internationally important wetland; Great Yellow Fort The ecological environment of wetlands and Tuanbo wetlands has also been significantly improved.
Recently, the remote sensing monitoring and evaluation results of the ecological protection status of the Monitoring Center of the Municipal Ecological Environment Bureau show that the ecological protection status of the four wetland nature reserves in our city are all in excellent condition.
Protecting blue sky and clear water and providing high-quality ecological products
In the winter season, Yang Qin'an's house in Yangdian Village, Damenzhuang Town, Wuqing District is warm as spring. He smiled and said that after heating, the coal was no longer burned, it was warm and clean, and the gray smoke was completely gone. Chen Zhenjiang, director of the Development and Reform Commission of Wuqing District, said that in 2017, Wuqing District was built into the city's first coal-free zone, and has been operating well for two years. It replaces 1 million tons of coal every year, cleans heating and protects the blue sky to achieve a "win-win".
Breathing fresh air and enjoying the sunny sky is the most inclusive benefit of people's livelihood.
Since the beginning of this year, our city has continued to strengthen the "five-control" governance and resolutely win the defense battle of the blue sky: strict control of coal-fired pollution, strict control of industrial pollution, strict control of motor vehicle pollution, strict control of dust pollution, and strict control of environmental protection standards for new projects Into. Carry out the "according to grams" and regional dust reduction assessment of road dust accumulation in 16 districts, and double the total amount of pollutant emissions required for related projects.
According to the person in charge of the relevant departments of the Municipal Ecology and Environment Bureau, in the first three quarters of this year, the city's average PM2.5 concentration was 50 micrograms per cubic meter, the air quality reached the standard for 156 days, and the blue sky and white clouds significantly improved the air quality in Jincheng.
At the southeast end of the Eco-City, a new Dongdi Park has been built, and a long walk stretches along the blue coastline.
"Next spring will present a more beautiful picture here: red flowers, green grass, and blue sea and blue sky, a pure nature oil painting!" Yan Qingwei, the project leader, said with a smile.
Tianjin has a coastline of 153 kilometers. In order to protect the Bohai Bay, since this year, the city has continued to promote the protection and restoration of marine ecology. It has formulated a "Blue Bay" renovation and restoration plan, and planned to implement more than 30 restoration and restoration projects. So far, except for Dongdi Park, the first phase of ecological construction project of Nangang Industrial Zone Ecological Wetland Park and Sino-Singapore Eco-city Yiou Park has been completed; the Lingang Economic Zone ecological project is planting seedlings, and other projects are progressing at full speed.
According to the person in charge of the relevant departments of the Municipal Ecology and Environment Bureau, since this year, the city has comprehensively carried out the tackling of the comprehensive management of the Bohai Sea, focusing on the implementation of four major actions of land-source pollution control, marine pollution control, ecological protection and restoration, and environmental risk prevention, and achieved good results. Among them, 12 rivers entering the sea have achieved "one river, one strategy", and sewage discharge ports into the sea have achieved "one mouth, one volume"; the number of fishing vessels has been reduced, and artificial breeding and release have been increased.
"In the first three quarters of this year, the water quality of the rivers in the sea and the coastal waters of the Bohai Sea has further improved. The cross-sections of four rivers under national control have reached Class V, and the water quality in the coastal waters has steadily increased, and there are no Type 4 and inferior Type 4 waters." Gao Xiang, deputy director of the Marine Ecological Environment Division of the Ecological Environment Bureau, said.
Comprehensive measures to overcome difficulties, the Bohai Bay is becoming cleaner and more beautiful ... (Chen Zhongquan)
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